Selling a Car in Utah
When you’re selling a vehicle in Utah, there are some requirements that you must meet. We’ve collected the appropriate information here regarding these requirements so you can learn what you need to do to ensure that you have a hassle-free vehicle sale in the state.
1. Title Information
You can only sell a vehicle in Utah if you have complete ownership of it. In other words, any “lien” (loan) on the vehicle must be paid off before you can sell the vehicle. If you have paid off a lien, the lienholder must send you a lien release and the title. You need to then submit the release and title to the Utah Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) with a new Application for Title. You will not be able to sell the vehicle until the lien release has been accepted by the state.
You should also make certain that you have the actual title. If you cannot find the title, you’ll need to request a replacement title from the DMV. You will need the physical title so that you can fill out the necessary information for the buyer as proof of the transfer of the vehicle. Both your signature and the buyer’s signature will be necessary and must be notarized.
2. Bill of Sale Requirements
Utah does not require a Bill of Sale for any vehicle sale. However, it does have an official Bill of Sale form you must give the buyer if you cannot find the title. Many individuals also fill out the Bill of Sale for clarity and tax purposes.
Once you sell the vehicle, make certain that you inform the DMV that you have done so. There is no official form for doing this, but the state suggests making sure that you include the following information in any written notification of a vehicle sale:
- License plate number
- Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
- Year and make of vehicle
Utah requires safety inspections of all vehicles in the state. Its process for determining when the inspection is due for a particular vehicle is somewhat unusual. Vehicles that are less than eight years old require an inspection every two years (so if you are purchasing a new vehicle, you will need to get in inspected in two years). Vehicles eight years and older require an inspection every year.
Certain areas of the state also require vehicle emission testing. Davis, Salt Lake, Utah and Weber counties all require emission testing for vehicles registered there. Vehicles less than six years old are tested every two years, while older vehicles are tested every year.
4. License Plates
In Utah, when you sell a vehicle, the license plates stay with you and not with the vehicle. Transferring the plates is entirely legal within the state as long as the new vehicle is registered in the same name as the plates. If you are not going to transfer the plates to a new vehicle, make sure you return them to the DMV before you cancel your insurance or you could face unintended fines or liability for the vehicle after you’ve sold it.
5. Odometer Disclosure Requirements
Utah requires you to formally disclose the vehicle odometer reading when you sell a vehicle that is 10 years old or newer. There is an official form you can fill out to cover that requirement.
6. Other Information
If you have questions or want more details on anything connected to vehicle selling, check out the Utah Division of Motor Vehicles website.